Strategies to Develop Preschool Literacy to Help Preschoolers Make a Head Start in School
Setting a solid preschool literacy foundation for our children at an early stage of their life is crucial. Literacy skill is required to achieve academic success and survival in later adult life.
Parents are one of the best people to help kids develop preschool literacy. Teaching reading to children does not mean we need to be a skillful reader. All we need is to understand how preschoolers learn. Adopt a few of these strategies and we can coach them effectively.
Apply the Basic of Words in Preschool Literacy
As adults, we have forgotten how and what we have gone through to acquire our reading skill. We tend to take things for granted unless we make an effort to see and understand from the learning perspective of a child.
We need to take note that:
Make Repetition and Include Rhymes
Young kids love repetition. From repetition, the story in the book becomes predictable. Children have a sense of mastery over books when they are able to anticipate what’s coming next. They feel encouraged to be able to master the story line themselves.
Everyone learns language from sound. Pick some kids nursery rhymes and start doing rhyming with your preschooler. Rhyme is short and easy for youngsters to pick up. Proceed to repeat short story when they are ready.
As they get more familiar with the story or rhyme, they will be able to memorize all the parts. Encourage their participation by giving them a chance to “fill in the blanks” when you pause.
Reading Aloud, Along and To Me
Read Aloud and Along
Children learn the sound of language before they notice the existence of printed words. We can stimulate their imagination and expands their understanding by reading aloud to them. This also prepares them to understand the written word, develop language and listening skills.
We need to read with expression; emphasize exclamation, pause at commas, vary the voice tone at question marks and stop at full stops etc. Such exaggeration of cues helps children to develop the appreciation of syntax.
Always point to the print as we read aloud to our children will help them to understand and identify words on a page and books. Be patient as we go through this process with our kids. It may take them quite some time to acquire this ability.
Read to Me
When your child is comfortable with reading aloud, pick a book at your child's reading level and get him to read to you. Start off by taking turns. Your child may be focusing on how to read and your reading helps to keep the story alive.
If your child has trouble reading words, you can help in several ways:
- Tell him to skip over the word, read the rest of the sentence
- Ask what word would make sense in the story
- Just supply the correct word
Do remember not to stop him too many times as this will put him off as he may feel discouraged with constant interruption.
Create Stories in Motion
Developing preschool literacy is not confine to just reading and listening. Include physical act by acting out the story helps them to express their emotions.
Get your child to act out a story by connecting emotion with the written word is one of the best reading activities. All you need is to suggest to your kids to act out his favorite story line, verse or rhymes using his teddy bears as pretend characters.
Be an enthusiastic audience for your child and award such effort with applause. Gets a larger audience setting if your kid is comfortable with it. This is one of my son’s favorite reading activities as he is highly motivated to “perform“ for everyone when requested.
Preview, Predict and Scanning
Developing reading process is important as you help your child learn to read more quickly and effectively.
Before reading a book with your child, remember to review titles, section headings and even table of contents. This serves to give the child a cue what the book about. In times to come, this may help your child in speeding up his reading and comprehension.
Even for a young child, my son has adopted a similar approach by himself. It helps
Encourage and Share the Joy of Reading
Books are not the only reading material in developing preschool literacy. There are many items such as words on cereal boxes, billboards, comic books, and menu. They should also be encouraged to ask questions on words found on these materials to spur their interest in discovering the unknown.
Even caption and translated subtitles on TV screen can help to boost the language competency of your child.
As parents, we can share the joy by reading great stories and poems to them. Include interactive reading activities or literacy games to make it more fun and interesting.
We also need to understand the purpose of developing preschool literacy. Instill the motivation in our children to learn to read so that they will be able to read to learn independently.
Literacy helps open the door to a new expanded world for our children to explore. Learning then becomes a joy when our kids enjoy reading and acquiring new knowledge.
- Preschool Phonics Activities